Tropical Cyclones
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Monthly Global Tropical Cyclone Summary June 2007
[Summaries and Track Data] [Prepared by Gary Padgett]


                                 JUNE, 2007

  (For general comments about the nature of these summaries, as well as
  information on how to download the tabular cyclone track files, see
  the Author's Note at the end of this summary.)


                              JUNE HIGHLIGHTS

   --> Tropical storm brings beneficial rains to Florida and Georgia
   --> No tropical storm forms in entire North Pacific Ocean
   --> Very active North Indian Ocean basin with three cyclones
   --> Most intense Arabian Sea cyclone on record makes damaging strikes
       in Oman and Iran


                           CYCLONE TRACK GRAPHICS

     John Diebolt of Tucson, Arizona, produces track graphics of all the 
  tropical and subtropical systems for which I prepare a tabular track in 
  the companion cyclone tracks file.     These can be accessed at the 
  following URL:>

  Scroll down the chart to the month of interest and click on the green
  bar under "Operational Track Image" for the desired system.

  The tabular track of positions and intensities may also be obtained
  from the above website, or from the other archival sites listed in
  the Author's Note in the closing section of this summary.



     Short reports with satellite pictures and small-scale maps for all 
  tropical cyclones may be found at the following links:>>>>>

  For some storms more detailed reports have been prepared.  In those cases
  I will include the specific links in the reports for the applicable
  tropical cyclones.


                 !!!!!!!!!!!! EXTRA FEATURE !!!!!!!!!!!


                       FOR THE SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE

     Following is a tabular summary of all the tropical depressions
  and tropical cyclones which occurred in the Southern Hemisphere
  between 1 July 2006 and 30 June 2007 as reported in the Monthly
  Global Tropical Cyclone Summaries prepared by the author.

    (1) Number - this is the sequential cyclone number assigned by JTWC
        in Hawaii.

    (2) Name - the name (if any) assigned by the responsible Tropical
        Cyclone Warning Centre.  For systems in the South Indian Ocean
        west of 90E and in the Southwest Pacific east of 160E which were
        unnamed, the alphanumeric designator applied by La Reunion or
        Fiji, respectively, is given in this column.

    (3) Dates - range of dates for which tracking information for the 
        cyclone is available in the Global Tropical Cyclone Tracks files
        prepared by the author.  The dates given in most cases refer to
        the time the system was in warning status and generally do not
        include the pre-depression stages of the disturbance.

    (4) Pressure - Lowest central pressure (either estimated or recorded)
        during the lifetime of the cyclone.  An asterisk (*) following
        the pressure indicates the reading was an actual measured
        pressure.   Central pressure is given in millibars, which is
        numerically equivalent to hectopascals.

    (5) MSW 1-min avg - maximum 1-minute average sustained windspeed in 
        knots as assigned by JTWC.  An asterisk (*) following the MSW
        indicates that it was an actual measured value.

    (6) MSW 10-min avg - maximum 10-minute average sustained windspeed
        in knots as assigned by the responsible Tropical Cyclone Warning
        Centre.  An asterisk (*) following the MSW indicates that it was
        an actual measured value.

    (7) Basins - tropical cyclone basins where the cyclone tracked during
        its life:

        SWI - Southwest Indian Ocean - West of 90E
        AUW - Northwest Australia/Southeast Indian Ocean - 90E to 135E
        AUE - Northeast Australia/Coral Sea - 135E to 160E
        SPA - South Pacific Ocean - East of 160E
        SAT - South Atlantic Ocean

     A number in parentheses (e.g. (1) ) following an entry refers to
  a note following the entries for the given basin.   A separate table
  is given for each of the four Southern Hemisphere basins.

     Abbreviations for Tropical Cyclone Warning Centres:

  JTWC -    Joint Typhoon Warning Center, formerly on Guam, now at
            Pearl Harbor, Hawaii
  MFR -     Meteo France Reunion (RSMC La Reunion)
  RSMC -    Regional Specialised Meteorological Centre


                          SOUTHWEST INDIAN OCEAN

  JTWC    NAME                DATES          CENT    MSW   MSW    BASIN
  NUM                                        PRS   1-MIN 10-MIN
                                             (mb)   (kts) (kts)

  ---  (MFR-01)              18-23 Oct       1002     30    25    SWI
  03S  Anita                 26 Nov-03 Dec    994     45    35    SWI
  05S  Bondo                 17-26 Dec        915    135   110    SWI
  ---  (MFR-04)              25-28 Dec       1000     --    25    SWI
  06S  Clovis                29 Dec-04 Jan    975     65    60    SWI
  ---  (MFR-06)              06-08 Jan        999     30    25    SWI
  10S  Dora                  28 Jan-12 Feb    930    115   100    SWI
  13S  Enok                  06-11 Feb        980     55    60    SWI
  14S  Favio                 12-23 Feb        930    125   100    SWI
  15S  Gamede                20 Feb-04 Mar    935    105    95    SWI
  16S  Humba                 20-28 Feb        960     70    75    SWI/AUW
  19S  Indlala               10-17 Mar        935    115    95    SWI
  ---  (MFR-13)              13-17 Mar       1000     30    25    SWI
  ---  -----                 20-21 Mar        ---     35    --    SWI (1)
  22S  Jaya                  29 Mar-08 Apr    930    110   105    SWI
  ---  (MFR-15)              09-12 Apr        998     --    45    SWI (2)


  (1) System was a possible subtropical storm.  The tracking information
      was taken completely from SAB satellite fix bulletins.  That agency
      designated the system as Invest 99S.  No TCWC issued warnings on the

  (2) This system was classified as a subtropical storm by MFR.



  JTWC    NAME                DATES          CENT    MSW   MSW    BASIN
  NUM                                        PRS   1-MIN 10-MIN
                                             (mb)   (kts) (kts)

  07S  Isobel                31 Dec-03 Jan    982     40    45     AUW (1)
  17S  George                26 Feb-10 Mar    910    110   105     AUW/AUE
  18S  Jacob                 05-12 Mar        954     75    75     AUW
  20S  Kara                  24-28 Mar        942    105   105     AUW (2) 


  (1) In post-storm analysis, it was determined that Isobel had never
      completely satisfied the criteria for a tropical cyclone.  By the
      definition used by the BoM warning centres, a system has to have
      gales wrapped around more than 50% of the center for at least six
      hours to qualify as a tropical cyclone.

  (2) Operationally, the highest 10-min avg MSW assigned to Kara by BoM
      Perth was 85 kts.  This was upped to 105 kts during a post-storm

                      NORTHEAST AUSTRALIA / CORAL SEA

  JTWC    NAME                DATES          CENT    MSW   MSW    BASIN
  NUM                                        PRS   1-MIN 10-MIN
                                             (mb)   (kts) (kts)

  12P  Nelson                31 Jan-07 Feb    980     45    55     AUE
  ---  -----                 05-08 Feb        995     --    45     AUE (1)
  ---  Odette                26 Feb-07 Mar    990     --    35     AUE
  24P  Pierre                16-21 May        992     35    40     AUE


  (1) System was not a tropical cyclone, but rather a monsoon depression.


                            SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN

  JTWC    NAME                DATES          CENT    MSW   MSW    BASIN
  NUM                                        PRS   1-MIN 10-MIN
                                             (mb)   (kts) (kts)

  01P  Xavier                20-28 Oct       930     115    95     SPA
  02P  Yani                  17-27 Nov       960      65    75     SPA/AUE
  04P  (05F)                 29 Nov-04 Dec   997      35    30     SPA
  ---  (06F)                 09-17 Jan      1000      --    30     SPA (1)
  08P  Zita                  17-26 Jan       975      60    60     SPA
  09P  Arthur                21-28 Jan       975      65    60     SPA
  11P  (09F)                 01-05 Feb       997      35    30     SPA
  ---  (12F)                 21-26 Mar       998      30    30     SPA
  21P  Becky                 25-31 Mar       975      70    60     SPA/AUE
  23P  Cliff                 03-06 Apr       980      55    50     SPA 


  (1) Some peripheral gales were associated with this system.

                            ACTIVITY BY BASINS

  ATLANTIC (ATL) - North Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico

  Activity for June:  1 tropical storm

                          Sources of Information

     Most of the information presented below was obtained from the
  various tropical cyclone products issued by the Tropical Prediction
  Center/National Hurricane Center (TPC/NHC) in Miami, Florida:
  discussions, public advisories, forecast/advisories, tropical weather
  outlooks, special tropical disturbance statements, etc.    Some
  additional information may have been gleaned from the monthly
  summaries prepared by the hurricane specialists and available on
  TPC/NHC's website.     All references to sustained winds imply a
  1-minute averaging period unless otherwise noted.

                    Atlantic Tropical Activity for June

     Over the period 1950-2006, the month of June has produced an average
  of 0.54 NS per year--about one every other year.   Tropical Storm Barry
  formed on 1 June, the first day of the official Atlantic hurricane
  season, making this the third consecutive June to produce a tropical
  storm.  The last such case occurred in 1964-1966.  Over the 13-year
  period 1995-2007, the month of June has produced an average of 0.69
  NS per year--above the long-term average.  However, the month of June
  has not seen a hurricane since 1995, when Hurricane Allison formed early
  in the month.  Since 1950 the only intense hurricanes to form in June
  were the deadly Audrey of 1957 and Alma of 1966.    The drought-relieving
  rains of Barry in Florida and southern Georgia far outweighed any minor
  damage which the cyclone caused.   

                          TROPICAL STORM BARRY
                               1 - 5 June

  A. General Information

  1. Identification

     a. RSMC - Tropical Prediction Center/National Hurricane Center
               (NHC), Miami, Florida
     b. NHC  - Tropical Cyclone 02
     c. NAME - Barry (named by NHC at 01 June/2100 UTC)

  2. Overview

     a. Basins Affected:  Atlantic Ocean (ATL)
     b. Dates:            1 - 5 June, 2007
     c. Max Sust Winds:   45 kts (1-min avg per NHC)
     d. Min Cent Press:   997 hPa (based upon aircraft reconnaissance)

     Note:  The CP given above is for the tropical portion of Barry's
     history.  A pressure as low as 991 hPa was estimated by OPC during
     the extratropical stage.

  3. Beginning of Track:  June 01/1800 UTC, near 23.9N/85.7w, or about
     225 nm west-southwest of Key West, Florida.

  4. Peak Intensity:  June 02/0000 UTC, near 24.3N/85.2W, or about
     260 nm southwest of Tampa, Florida.  (It should be noted that
     NHC's MSW was at 45 kts 02/0000 through 02/1500 UTC.)

  5. Size:  At its peak Tropical Storm Barry was a fairly small tropical
     cyclone with gale radii of 80 nm in the northern semicircle and from
     30-40 nm in the southern quadrants.

  6. End of Track:  June 05/1800 UTC, near 49.0N/68.0W, or inland in
     eastern Canada near the mouth of the St. Lawrence River.

  B. Synoptic History

     The official TPC/NHC storm report on Tropical Storm Barry is already
  available online, and the very detailed Wikipedia report is also
  available.  Given that, there isn't any need to write much about Barry
  here.  Following is the short summary of Barry included in NHC's monthly
  report for June, which should suffice.

     "Tropical Storm Barry formed from a tropical wave that spawned a broad
  area of low pressure near the eastern coast of the Yucatan Peninsula on
  30 May.  The LOW moved north-northeastward on 31 May and thunderstorm
  activity gradually became more concentrated near the center early on
  1 June.  The organization continued to improve and a tropical depression
  formed at 1200 UTC on 1 June, just northwest of the western tip of Cuba.
  Six hours later the depression strengthened into a tropical storm.

     "Barry reached a peak intensity of 50 kts at 0000 June 2 while
  centered about 130 nm west-southwest of Dry Tortugas.  Thereafter, strong
  upper-level southwesterly winds resulted in weakening and Barry made
  landfall in the Tampa Bay area as a tropical depression around 1400 UTC
  2 June.  Barry quickly lost tropical characteristics and became an
  extratropical LOW while located over eastern Georgia early on 3 June.
  The extratropical LOW intensified and moved northeastward along the East
  Coast of the United States.  The LOW was absorbed by a larger extra-
  tropical system near the St. Lawrence River on 5 June.  There were no
  reports of deaths or significant damage associated with Barry."

     The Wikipedia report notes that a surfer died in Pinellas County, FL,
  in heavy surf kicked up by Barry, and that there were two indirect
  fatalities in traffic accidents due to wet roads.   Also, it should be
  noted that no advisories were issued on Barry as a tropical depression.
  The very first advisory on the system, issued at 2100 UTC on 1 June,
  upgraded the system to a tropical storm.

     Given that Andrea was a subtropical storm, the development of Tropical
  Storm Barry on 1 June marks the first time since at least prior to 1950
  that the first purely tropical storm of the season actually formed on the
  day which kicks off the 6-month official Atlantic hurricane season.  The
  closest prior occasion was in 1968, when Hurricane Abby was named on
  2 June.  Alberto of 1982 and Allison of 1995 became tropical storms on
  3 June.  Tropical Storm Allison of 2001 was named on 5 June, and Alma of
  1966 and Andrew of 1986 reached tropical storm intensity on 6 June.

     A subtropical storm formed in 1997 on 1 June.  No operational warnings
  as a subtropical system were issued, but the system has been included in
  the Best Tracks database.  In 1953 Tropical Storm Alice, the first
  Atlantic tropical cyclone to bear a feminine name, had formed on 25 May
  and was near its peak intensity on 1 June.  And in 1959, Tropical Storm
  Arlene formed in late May and was a weakening depression inland in
  Louisiana on 1 June.

     The official TPC/NHC storm report on Tropical Storm Barry (as well as
  the report on Subtropical Storm Andrea) may be accessed at the following

     The Wikipedia report on Barry is available at the following link:>

  (Report written by Gary Padgett)


  NORTHEAST PACIFIC (NEP) - North Pacific Ocean East of Longitude 180

  Activity for June:  1 tropical depression

                 Northeast Pacific Tropical Activity for June

     As the month of June opened, Tropical Storm Barbara was still active
  in Eastern Pacific waters.  The storm, which formed on 30 May, made
  landfall in extreme southeastern Mexico near the Guatemalan border on
  2 June.  A report on Barbara may be found in the May summary.

     No tropical storms or hurricane formed during the month--only one
  short-lived tropical depression stirred Eastern Pacific waters.  Since
  the satellite era began around 1966, the only years which saw no June
  tropical storms or hurricanes in the Northeast Pacific basin were 1969,
  2004, 2006 and 2007.   It is very interesting that three of these four
  cases have occurred within the last three years.   The 1971-2005 averages
  for the month of June are:  2.1 NS, 1.0 H, 0.4 IH, 7.4 NSD, 2.7 HD, and
  0.7 IHD.  Even though the month of June has averaged one hurricane per
  year, the last June hurricane was intense Hurricane Carlotta in 2000.

     Tropical Depression 03E formed on 11 June several hundred miles south
  of Cabo San Lucas and moved northwestward for a couple of days, 
  dissipating on the 13th.   A short report on the depression, prepared by 
  James Franklin of TPC/NHD, is available at the following URL:>


  NORTHWEST PACIFIC (NWP) - North Pacific Ocean West of Longitude 180

  Activity for June:  1 tropical depression **

  ** - classified as a tropical depression by JMA only

                Northwest Pacific Tropical Activity for June

     For the first time since 2000, no tropical storm or typhoon stirred
  the waters of the Western North Pacific basin during the month of June.  
  No named storm formed in June of 2005, but Typhoon Nesat/Dante, which 
  formed in late May, became an intense typhoon in early June and lasted 
  until almost the middle of the month.   In June, 2000, no systems were
  classified as tropical depressions by JTWC or JMA, but there was a 
  midget system with a lifetime of only a few hours which formed just 
  offshore from Hong Kong and moved inland over the city.   The Hong Kong
  observatory classified that system as a tropical depression, but a 
  38-kt 10-min mean wind recorded at Sai Kung indicated that the system 
  was possibly a tiny tropical storm.    The story of that interesting 
  little system may be found in the summary for June, 2000.   All the
  information available to the author on that system was sent by Phil 
  Smith, an Australian who at the time was living in Hong Kong.

     In June, 2007, no systems were classified as tropical depressions by
  JTWC; however, one system was tracked as a weak tropical depression by
  JMA in late June and early July.   The system was first mentioned as a
  tropical depression by JMA at 1200 UTC on 29 June when it was located
  very deep in the tropics near 3.0N/148.0E, or several hundred miles to
  the south-southeast of Guam.  The depression drifted slowly westward,
  but was dropped from the High Seas Bulletins after 30/0000 UTC.  It
  (presumably the same system) reappeared in the Bulletin issued at
  0000 UTC on 2 July, being located near 6.0N/140.0E, or well to the
  southwest of Guam.  The depression was downgraded to a low-pressure
  area at 03/0000 UTC near 8.0N/135.0E, but was followed by JMA on through
  0600 UTC on 4 July when it was last referenced near 8.0N/132.0E.   This
  system was mentioned in JTWC's STWOs for several days but was always
  listed as an area with 'poor' development potential.   Vertical shear
  remained too strong for the system to consolidate.  No track for this
  weak depression was included in the companion cyclone tracks file for 

     The absence of any tropical storms or hurricanes also coincided with
  a stormless June in the Northeast Pacific basin (except for May's
  Tropical Storm Barbara which was still operating on the first two days
  of the month).  The last month of June not to produce any tropical
  cyclone of tropical storm intensity anywhere in the North Pacific Ocean
  occurred in 1969--which was a below-average year in both basins, but a
  hyperactive season in the Atlantic basin.


  NORTH INDIAN OCEAN (NIO) - Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea

  Activity for June:  1 tropical cyclone of gale intensity **
                      1 tropical cyclone of storm intensity ++
                      1 super cyclonic storm

  ** - classified as a deep depression by IMD
  ++ - classified as a deep depression by IMD

                         Sources of Information

     Most of the information presented below is based upon tropical
  cyclone warnings and significant tropical weather outlooks issued
  by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center of the U. S. Air Force and
  Navy (JTWC), located at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.   Occasionally some
  information may be gleaned from the daily tropical weather outlooks
  and other bulletins issued by the Indian Meteorological Department
  (IMD), which is the World Meteorological Organization's Regional
  Specialised Meteorological Centre (RSMC) for the basin.
     The reported maximum sustained winds (MSW) are based on a 1-minute
  averaging period, which is used by all U. S. civilian and military
  weather services for tropical cyclone warnings.     For synoptic
  observations in the North Indian Ocean region, both 10-minute and
  3-minute average winds are employed, but IMD makes no attempt to
  modify the Dvorak scale for estimating tropical cyclone intensity;
  hence, a 1-minute average MSW is implied.  In the North Indian Ocean
  basin JTWC usually does not initiate warnings until a system has
  become well-organized and likely to attain tropical storm status
  within 48 hours.


     As a result of some discussion with one of the Wikipedia writers who
  covers many Indian Ocean cyclones, I revisited the wind averaging issue
  with Dr. O. P. Singh, formerly associated with RSMC New Delhi but now the
  new Director of Satellite Meteorology in IMD.  Dr. Singh reconfirmed what
  is stated above--that IMD does not modify the Dvorak scale when 
  estimating the peak winds in tropical cyclones.  This was very apparent
  in some of the advisories on Super Cyclonic Storm Gonu in June which
  gave the analyzed Dvorak CI number as well as the estimated maximum 
  sustained wind. 

     However, another party within IMD stated to the Wikipedia writer that
  their cyclone winds were assumed to be 3-minute averages.  Therefore, the
  Wikipedia reports for the North Indian Ocean cyclones have been modified
  to indicate that the official RSMC wind estimates are 3-minute averages.
  Obviously, the difference between a peak 1-minute average and a peak
  3-minute average would be negligible--far less than the average error
  inherent in estimating tropical cyclone intensity using the Dvorak 

               North Indian Ocean Tropical Activity for June

     Tropical cyclone activity in the North Indian Ocean basin was well
  above normal in June, 2007, with three tropical cyclones of gale
  intensity (based on JTWC's analysis) and one reaching hurricane
  intensity.  The last June to produce three tropical storms was in 1996,
  when there was also one hurricane.   Over the period 1981-2002, the
  average number of June NS in the North Indian Ocean basin was 0.59 with 
  an average of 0.09 hurricanes.

     The storm of hurricane intensity was Super Cyclonic Storm Gonu, which
  became the most intense tropical cyclone ever tracked in the Arabian
  Sea.  The peak MSW estimates for this cyclone were 140 kts and 130 kts
  from JTWC and IMD, respectively.   There have been three previous
  tropical cyclones in the North Indian Ocean basin for which JTWC's peak
  MSW estimate reached 140 kts, but none higher.  All these cases occurred
  in the Bay of Bengal:  Typhoon Gay (32W) in November, 1989; Tropical
  Cyclone 02B in April, 1991; and Tropical Cyclone 05B in October, 1999.

     Gonu was very destructive to the nation of Oman, and caused
  considerable damage in Iran, also.  Tropical Cyclones 03B and 04B formed
  about one week apart in the central Bay of Bengal with each making
  landfall in eastern India as tropical storms of moderate intensity.
  (This is based on JTWC's analysis--IMD never upgraded either system to
  cyclonic storm status.)  TC-04B made landfall farther north and
  dissipated over west-central India, but TC-03B's more southerly track
  carried it out into the northern Arabian Sea where it regenerated into
  a tropical cyclone.   While IMD maintained the system at deep depression
  status, JTWC upgraded the system to tropical storm status, and there is
  some evidence that it neared or reached hurricane intensity.  The
  Pakistani Meteorological Service, apparently concerned because the
  intensifying cyclone was approaching the coast of Pakistan, began
  referring to the storm as Tropical Cyclone Yemyin in their warnings, and
  the name was picked up by the media and given wide dissemination in the
  press.   However, IMD, who is the WMO's official RSMC for the basin, did
  not name the system.

     Reports on all three systems follow.

                        SUPER CYCLONIC STORM GONU
                                1 - 7 June

  A. General Information

  1. Identification
     a. RSMC - India Meteorological Department (IMD), New Delhi
     b. JTWC - Tropical Cyclone 02A
     c. NAME - Gonu (named by IMD at June 02/0900 UTC; name contributed
               to the regional list by the Maldives)

  2. Overview

     a. Basins Affected:  North Indian Ocean (NIO)
     b. Dates:            1 - 7 June, 2007
     c. Max Sust Winds:   130 kts (1-min avg per IMD)
                          140 kts (1-min avg per JTWC)
     d. Min Cent Press:   920 hPa (estimate per IMD)

  3. Beginning of Track:  June 01/0000 UTC, near 14.2N/70.6E, or about
     315 nm south-southwest of Mumbai, India, as referenced in a
     satellite bulletin from JTWC.

  4. Peak Intensity:  June 04/1200 UTC, near 19.9N/64.1 E, or about 350 nm
     east-southeast of Masirah Island off coast of Oman.

  5. Size:  At its peak Super Cyclonic Storm Gonu was a slightly-smaller-
     than-average tropical cyclone with gales extending outward from the
     center about 120-130 nm.

  6. End of Track:  June 07/1800 UTC, near 25.5N/58.1E, or very near the
     southern coast of Iran.

  B. Synoptic History

  1. Origin:  Super Cyclonic Storm Gonu was the most intense tropical
     cyclone ever tracked in the Arabian Sea, reaching an estimated peak
     1-min avg MSW of 140 kts.  The storm is also the strongest known
     tropical cyclone to have struck the Arabian Peninsula, crossing the
     easternmost tip of Oman with peak winds estimated at around 85 to
     90 kts.  Gonu also became the first known tropical cyclone to traverse
     the Gulf of Oman.   The cyclone severely affected the nation of Oman,
     ranking as the worst natural disaster in the country's history.  Gonu
     also dealt a fairly significant blow to Iran, mainly in the form of

     Widespread convection persisted over the eastern Arabian Sea for
     several days during late May, and on the 31st JTWC's STWO mentioned
     that an area of convection with a well-defined mid-level circulation
     and cyclic convection had persisted about 350 nm south of Mumbai,
     India.  There was no evidence of a LLCC at this time, and a 31/0058
     UTC QuikScat pass indicated strong convergence on the western side
     of a surface trough along the coast of India near 13N.  Upper-level
     analysis indicated that the disturbance lay in a region of low
     vertical shear under the ridge axis running through central India.
     An upper-level trough over the northern Arabian Sea was enhancing
     divergence aloft.

     The development potential was upgraded to 'fair' early on 1 June as
     a LLCC had developed and had shown considerable consolidation.  The
     upper-level environment had also improved with vertical wind shear
     lessening considerably.  A TCFA was issued at 01/1030 UTC with the
     system having remained quasi-stationary.  Convection near the LLCC
     remained cyclic in nature, but low-level inflow had increased into
     the southeastern quadrant of the disturbance.   Maximum winds were
     estimated at 25-30 kts, which would qualify the system as a tropical
     depression in the NWP basin.  (JTWC does not use this terminology in
     the NIO basin and normally does not issue warnings until the MSW has
     reached 35 kts.)  IMD initially classified the system as a depression
     at  01/1800 UTC, and upgraded it to deep depression status at 0300 UTC
     on 2 June.

  2. General Description of Track:  JTWC issued the first warning on
     Tropical Cyclone 02A at 02/0000 UTC, locating the center approximately
     370 nm southwest of Mumbai and moving westward at 7 kts.  The system
     was tracking along the southwestern periphery of a mid-level ridge
     anchored over northwestern India.  Low vertical shear and favorable
     upper-level diffluence were enhancing factors for intensification,
     but much drier air to the northwest of the cyclone was seen as an
     inhibiting factor for significant intensification.  At 0900 UTC the
     IMD upgraded the depression to cyclonic storm status, assigning the
     name Gonu.

     The westward motion briefly became north-northeasterly later on the
     2nd due to a mid-latitude shortwave trough over eastern Pakistan;
     however, by 03/1200 UTC Gonu had resumed a steady northwesterly
     motion which it would follow essentially for the rest of its life.
     The storm had steadily intensified, and at 1200 UTC JTWC upgraded
     Gonu to 65 kts.  It was still felt that the entrainment of drier air
     would limit intensification, but this was not to be the case.  By
     04/0000 UTC Gonu's winds had climbed to 115 kts, making it the first
     intense tropical cyclone (MSW > 100 kts) in the Arabian Sea since
     Tropical Cyclone 01A in May, 2001.   It was felt that this would be
     the storm's peak intensity with slow weakening forecast, but again,
     this did not materialize.   The MSW was bumped up to 130 kts six hours
     later, and at 04/1200 UTC Gonu reached its estimated peak intensity
     of 140 kts, making it the strongest cyclone to date observed in the
     Arabian Sea.  At the time the storm was centered approximately 380 nm
     southeast of Muscat, Oman, tracking northwestward at 10 kts.

     The cyclone maintained its peak intensity (per JTWC's warnings) for
     12 hours before slowly beginning to weaken.  IMD's peak intensity
     estimate was 130 kts at 1500 UTC with an attendant estimated CP of
     920 hPa.  As Gonu continued tracking toward Oman, it slowly began
     to weaken due to decreasing oceanic heat content and the entrainment
     of drier air from the Arabian Peninsula.  By 0000 UTC on 6 June the
     MSW had dropped to 85 kts with the center of Gonu located about
     100 nm southeast of Muscat, or just off the easternmost tip of Oman.
     Cyclonic Storm Gonu continued on its northwesterly heading, skimming
     along the coast of Oman as it moved into the Gulf of Oman.  The
     storm continued to steadily weaken with winds dropping below hurricane
     intensity by 06/1800 UTC.   JTWC issued its final warning on Gonu at
     07/0600 UTC with the center located about 85 nm north-northwest of
     Muscat, or just off the Iranian coast near the entrance to the Strait
     of Hormuz.  The winds had dropped by this time to 35 kts.  The
     weakening depression continued to meander in the area for a day or
     so before dissipating.  IMD also issued their final warning on Gonu
     at 07/0600 UTC under the assumption that Gonu had crossed the coast
     and moved inland.  However, based on satellite fixes from JTWC and
     AFWA, the center of Gonu never clearly moved inland into Iran but
     rather lingered near the coast.   

  C. Meteorological Data

     Following are a few rainfall measurements posted to a discussion list
  by Jonathan Vigh which he'd obtained from a website.  For the 24-hour
  period ending at 0000 UTC 7 June, Seeb International Airport near Muscat
  recorded 70.0 mm; Rustaq, Oman, recorded 72.8 mm; Samail, Oman, measured
  69.8 mm (ending at 0600 UTC); and Jask, Iran, recorded 69.0 mm.  By way
  of contrast, Oman's average June rainfall is 0.6 mm.   (Thanks to
  Jonathan for posting these.)

     I wrote Derrick Herndon to see if he had any wind observations 
  available.  Following is his reply:

     "The strongest winds I could find were at Qalhat (41267) located at 
  22.7N/59.4E.  The center passed just north of this station around 0000Z 
  on the 6th.  The last observation was at 2100Z on the 5th with 340@49 kts
  and 989 mb.  The strongest winds from Muscat were at Seeb Apt (41256) at 
  06/1200Z with 280@24G45 kts and 993 mb.  So nothing close to the center. 
  Ship DDSK at 06/000Z reported 060@42 kts and 1002 mb well NW of the 
  center.  Ship VVCV had 270@45 kts and 1001.8 mb at 07/0600Z south of the 
  weakening center.  That is all I have been able to find.  The objective 
  estimates showed good agreement on 06/1200Z with our Satellite Consensus 
  method indicating 972 mb and 70 kts, in agreement with JTWC.  The IR 
  indicated perhaps some modest re-intensification after interaction 
  with land but nothing robust enough to show up in the intensity 
  estimates.  The trend was slow steady weakening."

  (A special thanks for Derrick for sending the information.)

  D. Damage and Casualties

     Cyclonic Storm Gonu led to the worst natural disaster on record in
  Oman.  Rainfall totals reached 610 mm near the coast.  Power and
  telephone lines were knocked out across the eastern part of the country,
  and strong waves and heavy rainfall caused extensive damage along the
  coastline.  In Muscat, winds reached 54 kts, leaving the capital city
  without power.  However, little damage was reported in the nation's oil
  fields.  According to the Oman News Agency, the cyclone killed 49 persons
  with an additional 27 reported missing four days later.  Over 20,000
  people were adversely affected by Cyclone Gonu, and damage in the country
  was estimated at around $4 billion (2007 USD).

     In the United Arab Emirates, large waves led to flooding in the
  coastal city of Fujairah, forcing roads to be closed and traffic
  diverted.  Overall damage to the port was reported as severe.  A boat 
  sank in the area, leaving its 10 passengers missing.

     In Iran Gonu dropped moderate to heavy rainfall, including 74 mm in
  the city of Chabahar, where winds reached 60 kts.  Power outages were
  reported and there was damage to some clay houses in the area.  A storm 
  tide of 2 metres was reported in some locations.  In Iran, the cyclone 
  was responsible for 23 deaths, including 20 from drowning.  Damage was
  estimated at $216 million (2007 USD).

     The above information in this section was taken from the online
  Wikipedia report on Super Cyclonic Storm Gonu.  Much additional
  information is contained in the report, available at the following link:>

  (Report written by Gary Padgett)

                             TROPICAL CYCLONE
                               21 - 27 June

  A. General Information

  1. Identification
     a. RSMC - India Meteorological Department (IMD), New Delhi
     b. JTWC - Tropical Cyclone 03B
     c. NAME - Not named officially (The Meteorological Service of
               Pakistan unofficially named the storm Yemyin, and this
               name was picked up by the media and given widespread

  2. Overview

     a. Basins Affected:  North Indian Ocean (NIO)
     b. Dates:            21 - 27 June, 2007
     c. Max Sust Winds:   30 kts (1-min avg per IMD)
                          50 kts (1-min avg per JTWC)
     d. Min Cent Press:   986.8 hPa (recorded--see Section C)

  3. Beginning of Track:  June 21/0300 UTC, near 15.5N/86.0E, or about
     200 nm southeast of Visakhapatnam, India, as referenced in a
     bulletin issued by IMD.

  4. Peak Intensity:  June 26/0000 UTC, near 25.1N/65.2E, or about 100 nm
     west of Karachi, Pakistan.

  5. Size:  At its peak Tropical Cyclone 03B was a smaller-than-average
     cyclone with gale radii of about 100 nm in the southern quadrants
     and 75 nm to the north.

  6. End of Track:  June 27/0600 UTC, near 27.7N/63.6E, or inland about
     465 km northwest of Karachi, Pakistan.

  B. Synoptic History

  1. Origin:  An area of convection developed and persisted in the central
     Bay of Bengal on 19 June about 165 nm east of the Andaman Islands.
     Deep convection was increasing near a developing mid to low-level
     circulation, and surface observations in the area had revealed 24-hour
     pressure falls of 1.5 hPa.  While the upper-level environment was
     characterized by diffluent flow, a strong tropical easterly jet was
     contributing to 20-30 kts of vertical shear.  The disturbance drifted
     slowly to the west, and by the next day the LLCC had consolidated some
     and the potential for development was upped to 'fair'.  Even though 
     the environment was still not particularly conducive for cyclogenesis,
     surface pressures had continued to fall by about 2.0 hPa over the
     previous 24 hours.

     At 0300 UTC on 21 June, the IMD issued a bulletin upgrading the low-
     pressure area to a depression with winds estimated at 25 kts.  JTWC
     issued a TCFA at 21/0730 UTC with the center estimated to be about
     160 nm southeast of Visakhapatnam, India.  Deep convection had
     developed over the well-defined LLCC, and a 21/0016 UTC QuikScat
     pass had indicated 30-kt surface winds.  At 21/1200 UTC IMD classified
     the system as a deep depression, and at the same time JTWC issued the
     first warning on Tropical Cyclone 03B.  The system was centered about
     100 nm south-southeast of Visakhapatnam and moving west-northwestward
     at 14 kts.  Deep convection was located primarily over the south-
     western quadrant of the LLCC.  TC-03B was tracking westward along the
     southern periphery of a mid to upper-level ridge over northern India.

  2. General Description of Track:  TC-03B subsequently moved westward and
     inland into coastal Andhra Pradesh near Gannavaram around 0300 UTC on
     22 June.  IMD never classified the system above deep depression
     status (28-33 kts), and the peak MSW estimated by JTWC was 35 kts.
     It is interesting to note that (to the author's knowledge), neither
     JTWC nor AFWA assigned Dvorak T-numbers higher than T2.0, and SAB
     reached T2.5 only at 22/0230 UTC.  However, Dr. Karl Hoarau performed
     his own Dvorak analysis of TC-03B and concluded that the system peaked
     at 45 kts around 22/0000 UTC, shortly before landfall in India.

     Once inland the tropical cyclone weakened as it moved steadily north-
     westward across the Indian subcontinent.  By 1200 UTC on the 24th
     the LLCC was still over land about 300 km northwest of Mumbai, but
     was nearing the coastline.  Convection was located west of the LLCC
     where northwesterly flow from the system was converging with south-
     westerly monsoonal flow.  The strong low-level southwesterly flow
     across the Arabian Sea was contributing to increased cyclonic
     vorticity, and an upper-level analysis indicated that a 200-hPa
     anticyclone over northern India was helping to reduce vertical shear.
     By 1800 UTC the LLCC had reached the coast and convection was starting
     to form over the center; hence, JTWC upped the development potential
     to 'fair'.   A TCFA was issued at 25/0000 UTC with the center over the
     northern Arabian Sea in the presence of high oceanic heat content,
     low vertical shear and excellent divergence aloft.  JTWC re-initiated
     warnings on TC-03B at 25/0600 UTC with the center located roughly
     110 nm south of Karachi, Pakistan, and moving northwestward at 10 kts.

     TC-03B continued its northwesterly trek toward the Pakistani coast
     and slowly intensified.  Based on JTWC's warnings, the cyclone peaked
     at 50 kts at 26/0000 UTC when it was located approximately 100 nm
     west-northwest of Karachi.  A significant burst of convection had
     occurred over the LLCC, leading to Dvorak intensity estimates of 45
     to 55 kts.  The center of TC-03B made landfall in southern Pakistan
     around 26/0300 UTC a little over 160 km west-northwest of Karachi.
     Of course, once inland the system began to steadily weaken.  JTWC
     issued their final warning at 1800 UTC with the center approximately
     120 km west-northwest of Asni (also spelled Pasni), Pakistan.

     There is considerable evidence that TC-03B reached hurricane intensity
     prior to landfall in Pakistan (see Section C below).  However, IMD
     never classified the system as even a cyclonic storm, leaving it at
     deep depression status.   The IMD is the WMO-recognized RSMC for the
     North Indian Ocean basin, and as such has the official responsibility
     to name tropical systems.  However, the Meteorological Service of
     Pakistan named this system Tropical Cyclone Yemyin in their warnings,
     and this name was picked up by the media and given wide dissemination
     in various press releases and on websites.  The word that the author
     has received from a contact within IMD is that they do not recognize
     the name Yemyin for this system, and that when IMD names the next
     cyclonic storm in the North Indian Ocean, its name will be Yemyin.

  C. Meteorological Observations

     Around the time of TC-03B's initial landfall in eastern India, the
  station at Masulipatnam (16.1N/81.1E) recorded a SLP of 986.8 hPa at
  22/0000 UTC, suggesting that the system was likely stronger than a
  minimal tropical storm.

     Supporting the idea that TC-03B was of hurricane intensity when it
  made its final landfall in Pakistan is an observation from Pasni (25.2N/
  63.5E).  The station, which was never in the eyewall, recorded a SLP of
  987.1 hPa at 26/0600 UTC, about three hours after the center had made

     The above observations were sent by Karl Hoarau, and Karl also made
  the following comments regarding TC-03B's intensity at landfall in
  Pakistan (slightly edited):

     "Nevertheless, my personal estimate gave an intensity near 65 kts at
  0200Z today when the cyclone crossed the coast of Pakistan near Ormara 
  (25.3N/64.6E).  The past history of the storm and the satellite pictures
  (microwave + EIR) showed that the intensification did not break the 
  Dvorak constraints.
     "In fact, the 0113Z AMSU data (NOAA 15) and the F13 and F15 MI 
  pictures (0210Z and 0323Z) showed a closed eye.  Moreover, the station 
  of Pasni (25.2N/63.5E), which never was in the eyewall, recorded a SLP 
  of 987.1 hPa at 0600Z when TC-03B had already made landfall.   The 
  Dvorak analysis yielded T4.0 based on a band of 1.2 deg on a LOG 10 

     (A special thanks to Karl for sending the information.)

  D. Damage and Casualties

     Tropical Cyclone 03B was a deadly storm.  According to information
  contained in the online Wikipedia report, gleaned from various press
  articles, 140 persons died in India, and the death toll in Pakistan
  is estimated to be between 900 and 1000, including over 200 in the
  Karachi area from an outer band of the storm, 380 in Balochistan
  Province, 250 in Sindh Province, and 100 in the Northwest Frontier
  Province.   Also, more than 80 persons were killed in floods associated
  with the remnants of TC-03B in Afghanistan.

     More information may be obtained from the Wikipedia report, available
  at the following link:>

  (Report written by Gary Padgett)

                             TROPICAL CYCLONE
                             27 June - 1 July

  A. General Information

  1. Identification
     a. RSMC - India Meteorological Department (IMD), New Delhi
     b. JTWC - Tropical Cyclone 04B
     c. NAME - None

  2. Overview

     a. Basins Affected:  North Indian Ocean (NIO)
     b. Dates:            27 June - 1 July, 2007
     c. Max Sust Winds:   30 kts (1-min avg per IMD)
                          45 kts (1-min avg per JTWC)
     d. Min Cent Press:   982.8 hPa (recorded--see Section C)

  3. Beginning of Track:  June 27/0000 UTC, near 17.2N/89.0E, or about
     325 nm south-southeast of Calcutta, India, as referenced in a
     satellite bulletin issued by AFWA.

  4. Peak Intensity:  June 28/1800 UTC, 19.0N/86.3E, or about 90 nm
     south-southeast of Calcutta, India.  (JTWC's peak intensity was
     at 45 kts from 28/1800 through 29/1200 UTC.)

  5. Size:  At its peak Tropical Cyclone 04B was an average-sized, 
     somewhat asymmetrical cyclone with gale radii ranging from 110 nm
     in the northeast quadrant to 210 nm in the southeast quadrant.

  6. End of Track:  July 01/0000 UTC, near 23.0N/77.7E, or inland about
     675 km northeast of Mumbai, India.

  B. Synoptic History

  1. Origin:  About a week after the precursor of TC-03B had formed
     in the central Bay of Bengal, another disturbance appeared in the
     same general area, although a couple hundred miles farther north.
     On 27 June an area of convection was located roughly 300 nm east of
     Visakhapatnam, India.   Satellite imagery depicted a partially-exposed
     LLCC with deep convective banding organizing and wrapping into the
     eastern quadrant.  The LLCC was broad and vertical shear was moderate.
     Since the disturbance was forecast to move into a more favorable
     environment, JTWC upped the development potential to 'fair'.   At
     0730 UTC on 28 June, exactly one week after a TCFA had been issued
     for TC-03B, JTWC issued a TCFA for the current disturbance.  The
     center had migrated westward to a point about 180 nm east of Visak-
     hapatnam.   Convective banding features had become better organized,
     and synoptic observations from the coast of India were indicating
     pressure falls.  Vertical shear had decreased and an upper-level
     anticyclone was developing over the system.  IMD had classified the
     developing system as a depression at 28/0000 UTC, and had upgraded it
     to deep depression status three hours later.

  2. General Description of Track:  JTWC issued the first warning on
     Tropical Cyclone 04B at 1200 UTC on 28 June, placing the center about
     170 nm east of Visakhapatnam.  The system was tracking toward the
     north-northwest at 8 kts, having taken a northerly turn due to the
     steering influence of low to mid-level ridging to the east.  The
     initial warning intensity was 35 kts, and some strengthening was
     forecast due to favorable upper-level diffluence and a slight decrease
     in vertical shear.  Based on Dvorak estimates of T3.0/3.0 from both
     JTWC and AFWA, the MSW had likely increased to 45 kts by 1800 UTC.
     This intensity was maintained until landfall just south of Bhubaneswar
     just after 29/0000 UTC.   Around the time of landfall TC-04B turned
     more to the northwest, and this track continued as the system slowly
     weakened while moving across northern India.  The remnants of TC-04B
     reached the vicinity of Bhopal by around 0000 UTC on 1 July and
     persisted over northwestern India for a few more days.  This system
     followed a more northerly track than its predecessor and did not move
     out over the Arabian Sea.   It should be noted that, as with TC-03B,
     the IMD did not classify this system above the deep depression stage,
     meaning that no name was assigned.

  C. Meteorological Observations

     The station of Bhubaneswar (WMO 42971, 20.2N/85.8E) recorded a minimum
  SLP of 982.8 hPa at 0000 UTC on 29 June.  This was around the time that
  TC-04B made landfall just south of Bhubaneswar.  (Thanks to Karl Hoarau
  for sending this piece of information.)

     According to the Wikipedia report, Mumbai recorded 243 mm of rain in
  association with the remnants of TC-04B, and up to 462 mm was measured
  at a location in the Bharuch District of Gujarat State.

  D. Damage and Casualties

     The Wikipedia report states that deep convection associated with the
  remnants of the cyclone brought heavy rains to Maharashtra with at
  least 43 persons killed in the state.  Also, 14 persons died in Gujarat
  State due to flooding.

  (Report written by Gary Padgett)


  SOUTHWEST INDIAN OCEAN (SWI) - South Indian Ocean West of Longitude 90E

  Activity for June:  No tropical cyclones



  Activity for June:  No tropical cyclones



  Activity for June:  No tropical cyclones

                    Australian East Coast LOWs in June

     A series of severe storm events pommeled the Australian East Coast
  during June.  While these type systems are not tropical, they often
  exhibit some of the characteristics of subtropical or hybrid cyclones.
  By far the main event was the LOW of 5-10 June, and this one drew on
  a plume of tropical moisture flowing down across Queensland.  Carl
  Smith, who lives on Queensland's Gold Coast near Brisbane, has put
  together a webpage with an exhaustive history of the main storm event
  in early June, replete with narrative, photos, satellite imagery, radar
  loops, and links to newspaper articles.   This LOW was responsible for
  a major snowfall event in northern New South Wales, a region which 
  normally receives little snow.  Michael Bath, a storm chaser and media
  reporter who lives near Lismore, NSW, went snow chasing and made some
  very nice photos of the snow from the Northern Tablelands.  Many of
  Michael's photos, as well as a description of some of his experiences,
  are included on Carl's webpage.

     The link to Carl's East Coast LOW webpage is:>


  SOUTH PACIFIC (SPA) - South Pacific Ocean East of Longitude 160E

  Activity for June:  No tropical cyclones



     The purpose of this section is to list some websites where many and
  varied types of tropical cyclone information are archived.  Many readers
  will know about these already, but for the benefit of those who don't,
  I wanted to include them. 

  (1) Aircraft Reconnaissance Information

     Various types of messages from reconnaissance aircraft may be
  retrieved from the following FTP site:>

     Information regarding how to interpret the coded reconnaissance
  messages may be found at the following URL:>

  Links are also included to websites with further information about the
  U. S. Air Force 53rd Weather Reconnaissance Squadron and the NOAA Air-
  craft Operations Center.

  (2) Archived Advisories

     All the advisory products (public advisories, forecast/advisories,
  strike probabilities, discussions, various graphics) issued by TPC/NHC
  are archived on TPC's website.  For the current year (using 2004 as an
  example), the archived products can be found at:>

  Links to tropical products archives for earlier years are available at
  the following URL:>

  JTWC warnings for past storms are archived on the NRL Monterrey website:>

  On the NRL site, the link to past years can be found in the upper left 
  corner of the screen.

     I am not aware at the moment of any other TCWC which archives all
  its tropical cyclone warning/advisory products for public access, but
  if I learn of any, I will add them to this list.

  (3) Satellite Imagery

     Satellite images of tropical cyclones in various sensor bands are
  available on the NRL Monterrey and University of Wisconsin websites,
  courtesy of Jeff Hawkins and Chris Velden and their associates.  The
  links are:>>

  On the NRL site, the link to past years can be found in the upper left 
  corner of the screen.  For the CIMSS site, a link to data archives is 
  located in the lower left portion of the screen.

     Additional tropical satellite imagery, along with looping ability for
  composite microwave imagery for the Western Hemisphere north of the
  equator, can be found at:

  (1) For the Eastern North Pacific:>

  (2) For the Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea:>

  (4) Cyclone Tracking Information

     There is a U. S. Navy site that tracks tropical cyclones at 6-hourly 
  intervals which often includes pre and post-advisory positions.  The 
  link to the site is:>

  These tracks are often updated as further analysis occurs and may be
  considered as sort of a working "best track".

     Steve Young has compiled many of these tracks onto a single webpage
  which is very user-friendly:>

     I'm sure there are other sites with available imagery available, and
  as I learn of them, I will add the links to this list.


                               EXTRA FEATURE

     In order to shorten the amount of typing in preparing the narrative
  material, I have been in the habit of freely using abbreviations and
  acronyms.   I have tried to define most of these with the first usage
  in a given summary, but I may have missed one now and then.  Most of
  these are probably understood by a majority of readers but perhaps a
  few aren't clear to some.  To remedy this I developed a Glossary of
  Abbreviations and Acronyms which I first included in the August, 1998
  summary.  I don't normally include the Glossary in most months in
  order to help keep them from being too long.  If anyone would like to
  receive a copy of the Glossary, please e-mail me and I'll be happy
  to send them a copy.


  AUTHOR'S NOTE:  This summary should be considered a very preliminary 
  overview of the tropical cyclones that occur in each month. The cyclone
  tracks (provided separately) will generally be based upon operational
  warnings issued by the various tropical cyclone warning centers.  The
  information contained therein may differ somewhat from the tracking and
  intensity information obtained from a "best-track" file which is based
  on a detailed post-seasonal analysis of all available data. Information
  on where to find official "best-track" files from the various warning
  centers will be passed along from time to time.

    The track files are not being sent via e-mail.  They can be retrieved
  from the archive sites listed below.  (Note: I do have a limited e-mail
  distribution list for the track files.    If anyone wishes to receive
  these via e-mail, please send me a message.)

    Both the summaries and the track files are standard text files
  created in DOS editor.  Download to disk and use a viewer such as
  Notepad or DOS editor to view the files.

     The first summary in this series covered the month of October,
  1997.   Back issues can be obtained from the following websites
  (courtesy of Michael Bath, Michael V. Padua, Michael Pitt, Chris
  Landsea, and John Diebolt):>>>>>

     Another website where much information about tropical cyclones may
  be found is the website for the UK Meteorological Office.  Their site
  contains a lot of statistical information about tropical cyclones
  globally on a monthly basis.  The URL is:>


     JTWC now has available on its website the Annual Tropical Cyclone
  Report (ATCR) for 2005 (2004-2005 season for the Southern Hemisphere).
  ATCRs for earlier years are available also.

     The URL is:>

     Also, TPC/NHC has available on its webpage nice "technicolor"
  tracking charts for the 2006 Atlantic and Eastern North Pacific
  tropical cyclones; also, storm reports for all the 2006 Atlantic
  and Eastern North Pacific cyclones are now available, as well as
  track charts and reports on storms from earlier years. 

     The URL is:>

     A special thanks to Michael Bath of McLeans Ridges, New South Wales,
  Australia, for assisting me with proofreading the summaries.


  Gary Padgett
  E-mail:  [email protected]
  Phone:  334-222-5327

  Kevin Boyle  (Northwest Pacific)
  E-mail:  [email protected]

  Simon Clarke  (Northeast Australia/Coral Sea, South Pacific)
  E-mail:  [email protected]


Document: summ0706.htm
Updated: 9th August 2007

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