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Monthly Global Tropical Cyclone Summary October 2007
[Summaries and Track Data] [Prepared by Gary Padgett]

                   MONTHLY GLOBAL TROPICAL CYCLONE SUMMARY

                                OCTOBER, 2007
                              First Installment

  (For general comments about the nature of these summaries, as well as
  information on how to download the tabular cyclone track files, see
  the Author's Note at the end of this summary.)

  NOTE!!! The October summary is being issued in two installments.  The
  first covers all basins except the Northwest Pacific, plus contains an
  extra feature.

  *************************************************************************

                             OCTOBER HIGHLIGHTS

   --> Late-season hurricane causes devastating floods in Hispaniola and
       strikes a smart blow to Nova Scotia 
   --> Northwest Pacific basin very active with six named storms
   --> Typhoon strikes northern Taiwan
   --> Interesting "Med-cane" (apparently weak) affects Spain

  *************************************************************************

                     WIKIPEDIA TROPICAL CYCLONE REPORTS

     Short reports with satellite pictures and small-scale maps for all 
  tropical cyclones may be found at the following links:

  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2007_Atlantic_hurricane_season>

  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2007_Pacific_hurricane_season>

  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2007_Pacific_typhoon_season>

  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2007_North_Indian_cyclone_season>

  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2007-08_Southern_Hemisphere_tropical_cyclone_season>

  For some storms more detailed reports have been prepared.  In those cases
  I will include the specific links in the reports for the applicable
  tropical cyclones.

  *************************************************************************

                !!!!!!!!!!!!  EXTRA FEATURE  !!!!!!!!!!!!

           HISTORY OF THE NAMING OF ATLANTIC TROPICAL CYCLONES
                     PART 3 - THE SUBDUED SEVENTIES

  A. Introduction
  ---------------

     This is the third and final installment in a series of monthly 
  features detailing the history of the naming of tropical cyclones in the
  Atlantic basin.  The early history of hurricane naming as well as the 
  complete sets of names used during the decade of the 1950s may be found 
  in the July summary, and the complete sets of names used during the
  period 1960-1970 may be found in the August summary.    This month's 
  article describes the 1970s and includes the sets of names for the 
  period 1971-1978.  The current list of names, including both male and
  female names, was initiated in 1979, but I have included the originally
  drafted sets for 1979 and 1980 for the sake of completeness.

     The fall of 1970 saw the establishment of the National Oceanic and
  Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), and in the spring of 1971 a new
  10-year list of Atlantic hurricane names was announced.    Since the
  set from the older list had already been publicized for 1971, that set
  was allowed to remain (with BEULAH from 1967 being replaced with BETH),
  but nine more sets were drafted to be used from 1972 through 1980.
  Ironically, back in the 1960s all the Pacific names had been deleted
  from the list, but the new 10-year list contained just about all the
  names from the Western North Pacific typhoon sets in use at that time.
  As a result, August, 1972, saw the formation of both Typhoon BETTY and
  Hurricane BETTY.  In early September, 1977, Super Typhoon BABE and
  Hurricane BABE were operating simultaneously.

     For some time various women's rights groups had been critical of the
  practice of using only women's names for hurricanes.  In 1975 it was
  announced that Australia and Fiji would begin using men's names as well
  as women's names for tropical cyclones in their region, so the pressure
  for NHC to follow suit intensified.   In 1977 NOAA made the decision to
  include men's names in the Atlantic and Eastern North Pacific tropical
  cyclone lists.   Furthermore, NOAA relinquished some control over the
  name selection process by allowing a regional committee of the World
  Meteorological Organization to select the new sets of names which, in
  addition to containing male names, would also include some Hispanic
  and French names in order to reflect all the cultures and languages
  indigenous to the cyclone basin.    The new list of hurricane names
  was first used in 1979 with BOB being the first male name to be
  assigned to an Atlantic basin tropical cyclone (except for CHARLIE
  and GEORGE, which were used in the early 1950s by virtue of their
  inclusion in the old phonetic alphabet utilized in those years).


  B. Sources of Information
  -------------------------

     The 10-year list used for most of the 1970s was obtained from an 
  old NOAA-published tracking chart: "HURRICANE Information and Atlantic
  Tracking Chart".


  C. The Sets of Names
  --------------------

                      ATLANTIC HURRICANE NAME SETS
                              1971 - 1980

   (An asterisk follows names that were actually assigned to storms.
   The sets given below for 1979 and 1980 were never used as the current
   six-year list of male and female was initiated in 1979.)


   1971           1972           1973           1974           1975
   ----           ----           ----           ----           ----
   Arlene *       Agnes *        Alice *        Alma *         Amy *
   Beth *         Betty *        Brenda *       Becky *        Blanche *
   Chloe *        Carrie *       Christine *    Carmen *       Caroline *
   Doria *        Dawn *         Delia *        Dolly *        Doris *
   Edith *        Edna           Ellen *        Elaine *       Eloise *
   Fern *         Felice         Fran *         Fifi *         Faye *
   Ginger *       Gerda          Gilda *        Gertrude *     Gladys *
   Heidi *        Harriet        Helen          Hester         Hallie *
   Irene *        Ilene          Imogene        Ivy            Ingrid
   Janice *       Jane           Joy            Justine        Julia
   Kristy *       Kara           Kate           Kathy          Kitty
   Laura *        Lucile         Loretta        Linda          Lilly
   Margo          Mae            Madge          Marsha         Mabel
   Nona           Nadine         Nancy          Nelly          Niki
   Orchid         Odette         Ona            Olga           Opal
   Portia         Polly          Patsy          Pearl          Peggy
   Rachel         Rita           Rose           Roxanne        Ruby
   Sandra         Sarah          Sally          Sabrina        Sheila
   Terese         Tina           Tam            Thelma         Tilda
   Verna          Velma          Vera           Viola          Vicky
   Wallis         Wendy          Wilda          Wilma          Winnie


   1976           1977           1978           1979           1980
   ----           ----           ----           ----           ----
   Anna *         Anita *        Amelia *       Angie          Abby
   Belle *        Babe *         Bess *         Barbara        Bertha
   Candice *      Clara *        Cora *         Cindy          Candy
   Dottie *       Dorothy *      Debra *        Dot            Dinah
   Emmy *         Evelyn *       Ella *         Eve            Elsie
   Frances *      Frieda *       Flossie *      Franny         Felicia
   Gloria *       Grace          Greta *        Gwyn           Georgia
   Holly *        Hannah         Hope *         Hedda          Hedy
   Inga           Ida            Irma *         Iris           Isabel
   Jill           Jodie          Juliet *       Judy           June
   Kay            Kristina       Kendra *       Karen          Kim
   Lilias         Lois           Louise         Lana           Lucy
   Maria          Mary           Martha         Molly          Millie
   Nola           Nora           Noreen         Nita           Nina
   Orpha          Odel           Ora            Ophelia        Olive
   Pamela         Penny          Paula          Patty          Phyllis
   Ruth           Raquel         Rosalie        Roberta        Rosie
   Shirley        Sophia         Susan          Sherry         Suzy
   Trixie         Trudy          Tanya          Tess           Theda
   Vilda          Virginia       Vanessa        Vesta          Violet
   Wynne          Willene        Wanda          Wenda          Willette

  *************************************************************************

                             ACTIVITY BY BASINS

  MEDITERRANEAN SEA (MED) - Confines of the Mediterranean Sea

  Activity for October: 1 system with some subtropical cyclone features


                      SPANISH "MED-CANE" OF 18 OCTOBER
                      --------------------------------

     Satellite imagery on 18 October revealed an interesting cyclonic
  system in the western Mediterranean Sea just off the southeastern coast
  of Spain.  A very well-defined eye-like feature is evident in a 0900 UTC
  visible image.  While rather ominous-looking, the convection was fairly
  shallow and the system was short-lived as a rotating storm with the
  eye-like feature lasting only a few hours.   Thanks to Julian Heming
  for sending me a couple of images of this system.  I had some additional
  information saved on the "med-cane", but unfortunately this was lost
  when my main hard drive suffered a crash in mid-May.  It seems that I
  recall an e-mail to the effect that the LOW moved inland into Spain and
  that no strong winds were reported.

  *************************************************************************

  ATLANTIC (ATL) - North Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico

  Activity for October:  1 tropical depression
                         1 hurricane
                         3 systems with some subtropical cyclone features


                           Sources of Information
                           ----------------------

     Most of the information presented below was obtained from the
  various tropical cyclone products issued by the Tropical Prediction
  Center/National Hurricane Center (TPC/NHC) in Miami, Florida:
  discussions, public advisories, forecast/advisories, tropical weather
  outlooks, special tropical disturbance statements, etc.    Some
  additional information may have been gleaned from the monthly
  summaries prepared by the hurricane specialists and available on
  TPC/NHC's website.     All references to sustained winds imply a
  1-minute averaging period unless otherwise noted.


                    Atlantic Tropical Activity for October
                    --------------------------------------

     October, 2007, was rather quiet across the Atlantic compared with the
  very active preceding month.  As the month opened the remnants of
  Hurricane Karen and Tropical Storm Melissa could be found in the central
  and eastern Atlantic.   Two tropical cyclones formed during the month.
  The first of these was Tropical Depression 15, which formed on 11 October
  several hundred miles to the southeast of Bermuda.  The system turned
  eastward, and northerly shear increased over the depression, leading to
  its weakening to a remnant LOW by late on the 12th.  The official TPC/NHC
  report on Tropical Depression 15, written by Jack Beven, may be accessed
  at one of the following links:

  MS-Word  http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/ms-word/TCR-AL152007_Fifteen.doc>

  PDF      http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pdf/TCR-AL152007_Fifteen.pdf>

     The other cyclone was Hurricane Noel, which formed on 28 October
  in the central Caribbean Sea a couple hundred miles southeast of Haiti.
  The depression continued to strengthen and became Tropical Storm Noel
  later on the 28th.  Noel crossed over Haiti and the low-level center
  weakened and became very difficult to track.   The mid-level center
  moved northward over the Atlantic and a new low-level center apparently
  formed near the northwestern coast of Haiti southwest of the mid-level
  center.   The rejuvenated Noel turned westward and hugged the northern
  coast of Cuba as it slowly strengthened.   The cyclone eventually
  turned northward and re-emerged into the Atlantic along the north-central
  coast of Cuba during the morning of 31 October.   Early the next day
  Noel turned north-northeastward ahead of a mid-latitude trough that was
  moving across the Gulf of Mexico.  A strong burst of deep convection
  formed near the center and led to the cyclone reaching hurricane
  intensity at 0000 UTC on 2 November.  Noel peaked at 70 kts as it
  accelerated northeastward ahead of the trough.

     NHC declared the system to be extratropical at 0000 UTC 3 November
  while centered about 240 nm southeast of Cape Hatteras.  The large,
  powerful extratropical storm intensified further to 75 kts later on
  3 November as it took aim on Nova Scotia.  Post-tropical Storm Noel (to
  use the Canadian designation) made landfall near Chebogue Point, Nova
  Scotia (just south of Yarmouth) shortly after 04/0600 UTC with maximum
  winds near 65 kts.  The cyclone weakened further and exited the coast
  of Labrador about 18 hours later, later merging with another extra-
  tropical cyclone over Greenland on 6 November.

     Noel produced several days of torrential rainfall across Hispaniola
  and Cuba with storm totals of 25-30 inches and more in several locations.
  The death toll from Noel in the Caribbean islands has been placed at
  163 with another 59 persons reported missing.  Primarily due to the
  loss of life in Haiti, a request was made to retire the name Noel, and
  at its annual meeting in April, the Region IV WMO Hurricane Committee 
  selected the name Nestor to replace Noel in the list of names for 2013.  
  Also, the names Dean and Felix were retired and have been replaced with 
  Dorian and Fernand, respectively.

     The official TPC/NHC report on Hurricane Noel, authored by Daniel
  Brown, may be accessed at one of the following links:

  MS-Word  http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/ms-word/TCR-AL162007_Noel.doc>

  PDF      http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pdf/TCR-AL162007_Noel.pdf>

     The Canadian Hurricane Centre also has a report on Noel, available
  at the following URL:

  http://www.atl.ec.gc.ca/weather/hurricane/storm07.html>

     And the Wikipedia report on Noel may be found at the following link:

  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hurricane_Noel>

     There were three additional interesting systems which exhibited some
  characteristics typical of subtropical storms, but which are not likely
  to be classified officially as subtropical storms.    (Most of the
  following information was supplied by Jack Beven.)

  (1) Gulf of Mexico LOW - During the first week of October a well-defined
      and persistent circulation of subtropical origin formed over the
      Bahamas and made its way westward, making landfall on the upper Texas
      coast.  The system never developed persistent organized convection,
      but an oil rig at 122 m elevation on 4 October reported a 35-kt wind
      due to the gradient between the LOW and a strong HIGH to the north.

  (2) Azores LOW - A non-tropical LOW pressure system near and north of the
      Azores acquired some central convection and on 6 October looked
      rather well-organized.  A QuikScat pass on that date showed a small
      wind field somewhat characteristic of a subtropical cyclone, but the
      system is not likely to be classified as a subtropical storm due to
      the lack of longevity and the fact that it remained embedded in a
      cold air mass.  This system was formally designated as Invest 95L
      on NRL's website.

      Following is a link to an image of this system:

      http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/gibbs/image/MSG-2/VS/2007-10-06-12>

  (3) Canary Islands LOW - A possible subtropical cyclone formed under an
      upper-level LOW north of the Canary Islands during the second week of
      October, and on the 10th looked well-organized when some central
      convection formed.  However, the system was probably too baroclinic
      to be classified as a subtropical storm but further analysis is
      needed to be sure.  There was also no obvious evidence that any winds
      of 35 kts were associated with the LOW.

      Following are a couple of links to images of this system:

      http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/gibbs/image/MSG-2/VS/2007-10-10-15>

      http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/gibbs/image/MSG-2/IR/2007-10-10-18>

  *************************************************************************

  NORTHEAST PACIFIC (NEP) - North Pacific Ocean East of Longitude 180

  Activity for October:  2 tropical storms **

  ** - one of these formed in September and was covered in the summary
       for that month


                          Sources of Information
                          ----------------------

     Most of the information presented below was obtained from the
  various tropical cyclone products issued by the Tropical Prediction
  Center/National Hurricane Center (TPC/NHC) in Miami, Florida (or the
  Central Pacific Hurricane Center (CPHC) in Honolulu, Hawaii, for
  locations west of longitude 140W):  discussions, public advisories,
  forecast/advisories, tropical weather outlooks, special tropical
  disturbance statements, etc.  Some additional information may have
  been gleaned from the monthly summaries prepared by the hurricane
  specialists and available on TPC/NHC's website.  All references to
  sustained winds imply a 1-minute averaging period unless otherwise
  noted.


               Northeast Pacific Tropical Activity for October
               -----------------------------------------------

     At the beginning of October, Tropical Storm Juliette was moving
  northwestward about 300 nm off the Pacific coast of Mexico.  The storm
  peaked at 50 kts on 30 September and began to weaken on 1 October, and
  was downgraded to a remnant LOW the next day.  The report on Juliette
  may be found in the September summary.  Also, the official TPC/NHC
  report on Juliette, co-authored by Jamie Rhome and Robert Berg, may
  be accessed at either of the following links:

  MS-Word  http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/ms-word/TCR-EP142007_Juliette.doc>

  PDF      http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pdf/TCR-EP142007_Juliette.pdf>

     The only tropical cyclone to actually form during the month of
  October was Tropical Storm Kiko.  Kiko formed from a tropical wave which
  had left the west coast of Africa on 26 September and had spawned
  Tropical Storm Melissa in the far eastern Atlantic on the 28th.  The
  southern portion of the wave continued westward, crossing Central America
  into the Eastern North Pacific on 8 October.  By 0000 UTC 15 October the
  system had acquired enough deep convection to be classified as a tropical
  depression.   TD-15E was briefly upgraded to tropical storm status at
  1200 UTC 16 October while centered about 375 nm southwest of Manzanillo,
  but only six hour later visible imagery depicted an exposed LLCC with
  convection located 75 nm southwest of the center.  Kiko regained tropical
  storm intensity the next day and moved east-northeastward toward the
  southwestern Mexican coastline as it was embedded within the south-
  westerly flow on the south side of the ITCZ.

     A ridge developed over Mexico and Kiko turned toward the northwest on
  the 19th in response to this.  Shear also decreased and the cyclone began
  to slowly strengthen, reaching a peak intensity of 60 kts at 1800 UTC
  on the 20th while centered about 150 nm west-southwest of Manzanillo.
  Kiko began to gradually weaken thereafter due to the effects of
  increasing southerly shear and a more stable environment.  The system
  weakened to a depression on the 23rd, although it continued to produce
  occasional bursts of deep convection until it had degenerated to a
  remnant LOW on the 24th.

     The official TPC/NHC report on Tropical Storm Kiko, written by
  Michelle Mainelli, may be accessed at either of the following links:

  MS-Word  http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/ms-word/TCR-EP152007_Kiko.doc>

  PDF      http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pdf/TCR-EP152007_Kiko.pdf>

  *************************************************************************

  NORTHWEST PACIFIC (NWP) - North Pacific Ocean West of Longitude 180

  Activity for October:  1 tropical depression **
                         4 tropical storms ##
                         2 typhoons ++
                         1 super typhoon
                        
  ** - classified as a tropical depression by JMA only

  ## - two of these not treated as tropical storms by JTWC

  ++ - one of these formed in September and was covered in the summary
       for that month

  NOTE!!! The Northwest Pacific basin will be covered in the second
          installment of the October summary.

  *************************************************************************

  NORTH INDIAN OCEAN (NIO) - Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea

  Activity for October:  1 depression **
                         1 tropical cyclone of gale intensity ++

  ** - no warnings issued on this system by JTWC

  ++ - not upgraded to cyclonic storm status by IMD


                         Sources of Information
                         ----------------------

     Most of the information presented below is based upon tropical
  cyclone warnings and significant tropical weather outlooks issued
  by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center of the U. S. Air Force and
  Navy (JTWC), located at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.   Occasionally some
  information may be gleaned from the daily tropical weather outlooks
  and other bulletins issued by the Indian Meteorological Department
  (IMD), which is the World Meteorological Organization's Regional
  Specialised Meteorological Centre (RSMC) for the basin.
 
     The reported maximum sustained winds (MSW) are based on a 1-minute
  averaging period, which is used by all U. S. civilian and military
  weather services for tropical cyclone warnings.     For synoptic
  observations in the North Indian Ocean region, both 10-minute and
  3-minute average winds are employed, but IMD makes no attempt to
  modify the Dvorak scale for estimating tropical cyclone intensity;
  hence, a 1-minute average MSW is implied.  In the North Indian Ocean
  basin JTWC usually does not initiate warnings until a system has
  become well-organized and likely to attain tropical storm status
  within 48 hours.
 

               North Indian Ocean Tropical Activity for October
               ------------------------------------------------

     One tropical cyclone (per JTWC's warnings) formed in the North Indian
  Ocean during October, but the system was treated as a deep depression by
  IMD.  A short report on this system follows.  Another system was tracked
  as a depression by IMD, although no warnings were issued by JTWC.   A
  satellite fix bulletin from JTWC located a tropical LOW in the south-
  central Bay of Bengal a couple hundred miles west of the southern
  Andaman Islands at 1200 UTC on 26 October.  Over the next couple of days
  the system moved generally in a west-northwesterly direction and
  intensified slightly.  JTWC assigned a Dvorak rating of T2.5/2.5 at
  26/1800 UTC but did not initiate warnings.  IMD upgraded the LOW to
  depression status late on the 27th when it was located about 325 nm
  east-southeast of Chennai, India.   As the depression approached the
  coast of India on the 28th, it began to weaken.  The 29/0300 UTC Tropical
  Weather Outlook from IMD stated that the system had weakened into a
  well-marked low pressure area and was situated over the west-central
  and southwestern portions of the Bay of Bengal and over northern
  coastal Tamil Nadu and south coastal Andhra Pradesh.  According to the
  Wikipedia report, the depression caused heavy rains accompanied by strong
  winds in Chennai, resulting in 15 casualties.  This system, incidentally,
  was identified as Invest 99B on NRL's website.

     My printed notes indicate that I'd planned to mention an earlier Bay
  of Bengal system, identified as Invest 96B, in mid-October.  All infor-
  mation I'd saved on this system was lost when my hard drive crashed in
  May.  Given that I'd planned to cover the system, it seems likely that
  there were some Dvorak ratings of T2.5 or at least T2.0 from one of the
  agencies.  However, IMD did not upgrade the system to depression status
  nor did JTWC issue any warnings.  If anyone has any information on this
  invest area and will forward it to me, I will include it when I send the
  completed October summary to the archival websites.

     One final system that should be mentioned--The remnants of former
  Typhoon Hanna/Lekima crossed over southeastern Asia and reached the
  upper reaches of the Bay of Bengal in early October.   After reaching
  the Bay the system began to re-organize and possibly would have regained
  tropical cyclone status had it remained over water for a longer period
  of time.  Following is an image of how the system looked at landfall on
  7 October (link sent courtesy of Julian Heming):

  http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/gibbs/image/MET-7/IR/2007-10-07-12>



                              TROPICAL CYCLONE
                                  (TC-05A)
                          27 October - 4 November
                -------------------------------------------

     A satellite fix bulletin issued by SAB located a LLCC about 620 nm
  south-southwest of Mumbai, India, at 0230 UTC 27 October.  The system
  drifted west-northwestward as it slowly intensified.  JTWC issued their
  first warning on TC-05A at 28/0000 UTC, locating the center approximately
  630 nm southwest of Mumbai.  Steering currents were weak and the system
  meandered about in the same general area for several days.  TC-05A
  reached its peak intensity of 45 kts at 1800 UTC on the 29th when it was
  centered about 600 nm southwest of Mumbai.  Around this time the system
  commenced a slow west to west-northwesterly motion which gradually
  accelerated with time.  The cyclone began to weaken on the 30th and
  winds had dropped to 35 kts by 30/1800 UTC.  JTWC issued their final
  warning on TC-05A at 0000 UTC on 2 November with the system located
  about 250 nm northeast of Socotra Island.   The remnant LOW then turned
  to a west-southwesterly course and continued to maintain its identity
  as it traversed the western Arabian Sea.   The final satellite fix
  bulletin issued by JTWC, at 0300 UTC 4 November, placed a weak 20-kt
  LLCC just off the Somalian coastline about 185 nm due south of the Horn
  of Somalia.  (Note: The IMD never classified TC-05A any higher than the
  deep depression stage (30 kts); hence, no name was assigned.)

     No damage or casualties are known to have resulted from this system.

  (Report written by Gary Padgett)

  *************************************************************************

  SOUTHWEST INDIAN OCEAN (SWI) - South Indian Ocean West of Longitude 90E

  Activity for October:  1 tropical disturbance **

  ** - no warnings issued on this system by JTWC


                           Sources of Information
                           ----------------------

     The primary sources of tracking and intensity information for
  Southwest Indian Ocean tropical cyclones are the warnings issued by
  the Tropical Cyclone Warning Centre on La Reunion Island, part of
  Meteo France (MFR), and the Regional Specialised Meteorological Centre
  for the basin.    However, tropical cyclones in this region are named 
  by the Sub-regional Tropical Cyclone Advisory Centres in Mauritius and 
  Madagascar with longitude 55E being the demarcation line between their 
  respective areas of naming responsibility.  The La Reunion centre only 
  advises these agencies regarding the intensity of tropical systems.  
  References to sustained winds imply a 10-minute averaging period unless
  otherwise stated.

     In the companion tropical cyclone tracks file, I occasionally
  annotate positions from warnings issued by the Joint Typhoon Warning
  Center (JTWC) of the U. S. Air Force and Navy, located at Pearl
  Harbor, Hawaii, when they differ from MFR's coordinates by usually
  40-50 nm or more.  The JTWC warnings are also the source of the
  1-minute average maximum sustained wind values included in the
  tracks file.    Additionally, information describing details of
  satellite imagery and atmospheric circulation features included in
  the narratives is often gleaned from the JTWC warnings.


               Southwest Indian Tropical Activity for October
               ----------------------------------------------

     Meteo France La Reunion (MFR) tracked its first numbered tropical
  disturbance of the 2007-2008 season in mid-October.  The system was never
  accorded tropical depression status, nor were any warnings issued on the
  system by JTWC.  The LLCC was located by a JTWC satellite fix bulletin
  roughly 300 nm east-northeast of Agalega at 0600 UTC on 11 October.  The
  system moved southwestward and the first MFR bulletin on Tropical
  Disturbance 01 was issued at 12/0600 UTC, locating the center about
  225 nm east-northeast of Agalega.  The system was relocated about one
  degree to the south six hours later, then moved west-southwestward,
  passing about 50 nm south of Agalega as it weakened on the 13th.  The
  final MFR bulletin was issued at 13/1200 UTC.  The highest 10-min avg
  MSW estimated by MFR was 25 kts.  Dvorak estimates from both JTWC and
  SAB reached T2.5/2.5 late on 12 October and early on 13 October,
  implying that the system could have briefly reached minimal tropical
  storm intensity in terms of a 1-min avg MSW.

  *************************************************************************

  NORTHWEST AUSTRALIA/SOUTHEAST INDIAN OCEAN (AUW) - From 90E to 135E

  Activity for October:  No tropical cyclones

  *************************************************************************

  NORTHEAST AUSTRALIA/CORAL SEA (AUE) - From 135E to 160E

  Activity for October:  No tropical cyclones

  *************************************************************************

  SOUTH PACIFIC (SPA) - South Pacific Ocean East of Longitude 160E

  Activity for October:  1 tropical depression


                  South Pacific Tropical Activity for October
                  -------------------------------------------

     The first numbered tropical depression of the South Pacific 2007-2008
  season occurred in October.   The information I had saved on the system
  was lost in the aforementioned disk crash, so I am relying on the
  short Wikipedia report here.  An area of disturbed weather formed south-
  east of Papua New Guinea late on 16 October.  On the 17th RSMC Nadi
  designated it as Tropical Disturbance 01F.  The system became better
  organized and was classified as a tropical depression later that day.
  However, shear increased and the system began to weaken and had
  degenerated into a tropical LOW by the 19th.  Based on this sketchy
  information, it seems likely that this short-lived depression occurred
  just east of 160E, since Papua New Guinea lies well to the west of that
  meridian.   I did not compile a track for this depression since there
  was no evidence of winds reaching 30 kts.

  *************************************************************************

          SPECIAL FEATURE - SOURCES OF TROPICAL CYCLONE INFORMATION

     The purpose of this section is to list some websites where many and
  varied types of tropical cyclone information are archived.  Many readers
  will know about these already, but for the benefit of those who don't,
  I wanted to include them. 

  (1) Aircraft Reconnaissance Information
  ---------------------------------------

     Various types of messages from reconnaissance aircraft may be
  retrieved from the following FTP site:

     ftp://ftp.nhc.noaa.gov/pub/products/nhc/recon/>

     Information regarding how to interpret the coded reconnaissance
  messages may be found at the following URL:

     http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/reconlist.shtml>

  Links are also included to websites with further information about the
  U. S. Air Force 53rd Weather Reconnaissance Squadron and the NOAA Air-
  craft Operations Center.

  (2) Archived Advisories
  -----------------------

     All the advisory products (public advisories, forecast/advisories,
  strike probabilities, discussions, various graphics) issued by TPC/NHC
  are archived on TPC's website.  For the current year (using 2004 as an
  example), the archived products can be found at:

     http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2004/index.shtml>

  Links to tropical products archives for earlier years are available at
  the following URL:

     http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pastall.shtml>

  JTWC warnings for past storms are archived on the NRL Monterrey website:

     http://www.nrlmry.navy.mil/tc_pages/tc_home.html>

  On the NRL site, the link to past years can be found in the upper left 
  corner of the screen.

     I am not aware at the moment of any other TCWC which archives all
  its tropical cyclone warning/advisory products for public access, but
  if I learn of any, I will add them to this list.

  (3) Satellite Imagery
  ---------------------

     Satellite images of tropical cyclones in various sensor bands are
  available on the NRL Monterrey and University of Wisconsin websites,
  courtesy of Jeff Hawkins and Chris Velden and their associates.  The
  links are:

     http://www.nrlmry.navy.mil/tc_pages/tc_home.html>

     http://cimss.ssec.wisc.edu/tropic/tropic.html>

  On the NRL site, the link to past years can be found in the upper left 
  corner of the screen.  For the CIMSS site, a link to data archives is 
  located in the lower left portion of the screen.

     Additional tropical satellite imagery, along with looping ability for
  composite microwave imagery for the Western Hemisphere north of the
  equator, can be found at:

  (1) For the Eastern North Pacific:

     http://www.ssd.noaa.gov/PS/TROP/trop-epac.html>

  (2) For the Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea:

     http://www.ssd.noaa.gov/PS/TROP/trop-atl.html>

  (4) Cyclone Tracking Information
  --------------------------------

     There is a U. S. Navy site that tracks tropical cyclones at 6-hourly
  intervals which often includes pre and post-advisory positions.  The
  link to the site is:

  http://www.nrlmry.navy.mil/atcf_web/doc_archives/>

     Steve Young has compiled many of these tracks onto a single webpage
  which is very user-friendly:

  http://home.earthlink.net/~shy9/tc1.htm>


     I'm sure there are other sites with available imagery available, and
  as I learn of them, I will add the links to this list.

  *************************************************************************

                                EXTRA FEATURE

     In order to shorten the amount of typing in preparing the narrative
  material, I have been in the habit of freely using abbreviations and
  acronyms.   I have tried to define most of these with the first usage
  in a given summary, but I may have missed one now and then.  Most of
  these are probably understood by a majority of readers but perhaps a
  few aren't clear to some.  To remedy this I developed a Glossary of
  Abbreviations and Acronyms which I first included in the August, 1998
  summary.  I don't normally include the Glossary in most months in
  order to help keep them from being too long.  If anyone would like to
  receive a copy of the Glossary, please e-mail me and I'll be happy
  to send them a copy.

  *************************************************************************

  AUTHOR'S NOTE:  This summary should be considered a very preliminary 
  overview of the tropical cyclones that occur in each month. The cyclone
  tracks (provided separately) will generally be based upon operational
  warnings issued by the various tropical cyclone warning centers.  The
  information contained therein may differ somewhat from the tracking and
  intensity information obtained from a "best-track" file which is based
  on a detailed post-seasonal analysis of all available data. Information
  on where to find official "best-track" files from the various warning
  centers will be passed along from time to time.

    The track files are not being sent via e-mail.  They can be retrieved
  from the archive sites listed below.  (Note: I do have a limited e-mail
  distribution list for the track files.    If anyone wishes to receive
  these via e-mail, please send me a message.)

    Both the summaries and the track files are standard text files
  created in DOS editor.  Download to disk and use a viewer such as
  Notepad or DOS editor to view the files.

     The first summary in this series covered the month of October,
  1997.   Back issues can be obtained from the following websites
  (courtesy of Michael Bath, Michael V. Padua, Michael Pitt, and
  Chris Landsea):

    http://australiasevereweather.com/cyclones/>
    http://www.typhoon2000.ph>
    http://mpittweather.com>
    ftp://ftp.aoml.noaa.gov/hrd/pub/landsea/padgett/>


     Another website where much information about tropical cyclones may
  be found is the website for the UK Meteorological Office.  Their site
  contains a lot of statistical information about tropical cyclones
  globally on a monthly basis.  The URL is:

    http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/weather/tropicalcyclone>
    

                    TROPICAL CYCLONE REPORTS AVAILABLE

     JTWC now has available on its website the Annual Tropical Cyclone
  Report (ATCR) for 2006 (2005-2006 season for the Southern Hemisphere).
  ATCRs for earlier years are available also.

     The URL is:  http://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc.php>

     Also, TPC/NHC has available on its webpage nice "technicolor"
  tracking charts for the 2007 Atlantic and Eastern North Pacific
  tropical cyclones; also, storm reports for all the 2007 Atlantic
  and Eastern North Pacific cyclones are now available, as well as
  track charts and reports on storms from earlier years. 

     The URL is:  http://www.nhc.noaa.gov>


     A special thanks to Michael Bath of McLeans Ridges, New South Wales,
  Australia, for assisting me with proofreading the summaries.


  PREPARED BY

  Gary Padgett
  E-mail:  garyp@alaweb.com
  Phone:  334-222-5327

  Kevin Boyle  (Northwest Pacific)
  E-mail:  newchapelobservatory@btinternet.com

  Simon Clarke  (Northeast Australia/Coral Sea, South Pacific)
  E-mail:  scla4255@bigpond.net.au

  *************************************************************************
  *************************************************************************

Document: summ0710.htm
Updated: 21st June 2008

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